All of us who are parents, especially if we are newcomers, have had many concerns about how to care for the baby. The newborn, mainly in its first weeks of life, requires basic hygienic care for their welfare.
Since they cannot tell us what is bothering them, we must bear in mind that not having basic hygienic care can cause diaper rashes, scratches by the nails or even that they have mucus and when taking the breast or bottle can not breathe.
Basic newborn hygiene care
It is important to carry out these 9 basic hygienic cares to ensure the well-being of our child.
- If it is a newborn baby, it is necessary to take care of the navel so that it does not become infected.
The umbilical cord should not be left in the diaper until it has fallen off, as moisture can increase the chances of infection. Don’t get it wet. It is important that it is always clean and dry. And when it has fallen, add a little 70º alcohol and chlorhexidine, which is a disinfectant, until it heals.
- It is very important to change the diaper to avoid irritations or chafing.
Keep an eye on the diaper, especially when the baby poops. It should be removed immediately, as baby poop is very acidic and irritating.
- Cleaning the baby’s cuticle
Whenever we are at home and can, it is good in the diaper change to wash the culete with soap and water. If we are outside, we can use some wipes. However, whenever possible, water is better.
- Cleaning the baby’s nose
We can use a saline solution, physiological serum, or a nasal aspirator or rubber pears. We can also use the bath with hot water to soften and clean well this area of the face.
- Daily bath
It is very relaxing for the children and they can always do it at the same time before dinner. It will also give them a better night’s sleep. It is important to be careful with the temperature of the water, it should be between 35 and 37º. Have everything you need close by, as it is very basic not to neglect even to catch a bottle of soap, as a single second can be fatal.
- Nail trimming
When they are small, their nails are very thin and long, and since they shake their arms a lot, they can scratch their faces. That’s why you have to cut them with round scissors so as not to prick them.
- Cleaning the baby’s mouth
Even if you don’t have teeth, it’s important that your mouth and tongue are clean. Using a damp cloth or gauze, wipe the baby’s gums and tongue. And when your baby’s teeth start to erupt, but it’s still too early to brush them, you can also use wet gauze and wipe them over your gums, tongue, and teeth.
- Cleaning the ears
It is not recommended to use swabs. Pediatricians advise against this, as we may inadvertently cause injury to the ear canal. It is best to wipe the outside of the ear with a damp cloth and then dry it.
- Cleaning the eyes
Babies create mucus in the eyes. This is why the constant presence of tears and leganas is very frequent. This dirt can be cleaned with sterile wipes. And if in the end it leads to conjunctivitis, it is good to clean the eyes with chamomile and cotton.
The hygienic care is very important for any person, since the cleanliness of our body avoids the proliferation of bacteria that can damage our health.
But if it is important for adults, for a small child or a baby it is more important, since they have less developed defenses. A bad hygiene, in addition to producing irritations in the skin, can cause infections that could seriously affect their health. For this reason it is essential to always maintain basic hygienic care.
Newborn Facial Millium
What is it? What is it?
A newborn milia or facial millium is a group of pearly white or yellowish-colored rashes 1 to 2 mm in diameter that commonly appear on the face. Specifically, this condition occurs on the baby’s cheeks, forehead, and chin, as well as inside the mouth.
Thus, facial millium presents as small epithelial cysts that are filled with a keratinous substance. When they are squeezed, a material is obtained that resembles small white pearls, which are formed by remains of keratinocytes. It should be noted that no diagnostic test is necessary to determine the presence of millium.
What causes it?
The facial millium is generated when the dead epithelial cells of the epidermis are trapped in the small cavities on the surface of the baby’s skin, causing the small white pearl in the skin. It is common for the presence of these cheekbones to be mistaken for acne in the baby, but they are completely different conditions.
What are their effects?
The newborn’s facial millium has no effect on the child, there is no discomfort or pain of any kind. These outbreaks do not cause fever, itching or any other type of complication, and do not require medical treatment.
Are there any risks in the newborn?
The first thing to keep in mind is that milium cysts are benign. In very rare situations they can be associated with some skin diseases such as Bazex-Dupre-Christol syndrome, Rombo syndrome or Gardner syndrome.