Physical exercise has many advantages for physical, mental and social health. It can be practiced by anyone, regardless of age and condition. Playing sports can also help prevent cancer, and improve mood and quality of life in people who have been diagnosed with an oncological disease. This article reviews the benefits of exercise.
What is exercise?
Sport is one of the most positively impacting activities to protect health and prevent disease. The benefits of physical exercise are numerous and varied, and its relationship to physical, mental and social health is well established.
Before getting into the subject, it is important to distinguish physical activity from physical exercise. Physical activity is any type of movement a person makes (such as carrying a shopping bag). Physical exercise is a movement carried out within the framework of a more or less structured programme, for a certain period of time, with a certain technique and which pursues certain objectives (such as swimming in 25 swimming pools).
What are the advantages of doing sport?
The exercise has different forms and intensities, and each person can find the one that suits their priorities: Losing weight, increasing muscle tone, improving cardiovascular function, recovering mobility, etc. In general, 30 minutes a day of moderate physical exercise is recommended at least 5 days a week.
It is also important to do warm-up exercises, stretch before and after, and drink plenty of water or isotonic drinks. Likewise, if the sport is intense, it is advisable to wait a few hours after having eaten.
Before starting a physical exercise programme, it is advisable to have a medical check-up, especially if you are over 35 years old or suffer from an important disease (diabetes, asthma, myocarditis, etc.). The sports doctor advises on the most suitable type of exercise for each person, according to their physical condition and objectives.
You may be interested: Physical exercise for people diagnosed with cancer
Having said that, we can now begin to undo some excuses we sometimes make for not exercising: